Historic number of companies file Amicus briefs in U.S. Supreme Court in support of college admissions policies that promote diversity

Read a PDF of our statement here.

In a historic and overwhelming show of support for affirmative action, 82 corporations and business groups (see list below) have signed three amicus briefs filed in the U.S. Supreme Court in Students for Fair Admissions (SFFA) vs. Harvard and SFFA v. University of North Carolina asking the Court to uphold over 40 years of precedent allowing colleges and universities to consider race as one of many admissions factors.

The Legal Defense Fund (LDF), Asian Americans Advancing Justice-AAJC and the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under the Law are proud to stand with 82 leading corporations and business groups from a wide variety of industries and fields across the country to reaffirm to the Supreme Court that the economy derives direct benefits from employees trained in diverse settings. The group includes companies that submitted briefs to the Supreme Court in support of race-conscious admissions nearly 20 years ago in Grumble against Bollinger, as well as new companies that did not exist then. Together, the amicus brief companies represent more than 5.5 million employees worldwide and more than $3.2 trillion in annual revenue.

These companies support the role of higher education in shaping our nation’s future leaders and workforce. Specifically, the business community has strong economic interests in having a well-educated and diverse workforce through racial diversity programs in higher education. A diverse workforce allows our businesses to remain competitive in the global economy.

As stated in the brief on behalf of Major American Business Enterprises: “”[S]strong evidence’ supports the idea, confirmed by the Amici experiment, that university students who study and interact with diverse peers, and particularly with racially and ethnically diverse peers, exhibit enhanced cognitive development necessary for a wide range of skills highly valued in today’s economy…Students of all racial backgrounds benefit from diverse college environments…Building a diverse classroom experience is the way to grow the most informed critical thinkers. Classroom diversity is crucial to producing employable, productive and value-added citizens in business. »

A second amicus brief filed by major U.S. science and technology companies underscores the continued importance of holistic, race-conscious college admissions practices to the competitiveness of the science and technology field. The brief explains that a) a racially diverse pool of graduates in disciplines such as science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is critical to the success of science and technology enterprises; b) racial diversity enhances scientific endeavors and the innovation of new technologies; (c) a racially diverse workforce helps to guard against the possibility of science and technology companies becoming disconnected from their increasingly diverse and global customer base; and d) a racially diverse workforce helps STEM companies recruit and retain talent.

As science and technology companies note in their brief: “For science and technology companies to gain…competitive advantages, universities must admit racially diverse student classes and foster inclusive cultures… [C]Companies with racially and otherwise diverse workforces will be better equipped to identify and address a number of science and technology challenges…Tech companies work on unconventional issues that require creative solutions, and diverse groups consistently outperform homogeneous groups on exactly this type of problem solving. ”

A third amicus brief filed by International Business Machines Corp. (IBM) and Aeris Communications, Inc. (Aeris) as well as the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Stanford University “emphasize[s] the importance of diversity not only within higher education or the corporate world in general, but in the particular cross-section of academia and industry within the intensely collaborative and increasingly more global. As IBM, Aeris, MIT and Stanford explain, “Diversity not only promotes better outcomes for STEM students, it contributes to better science. As such, America’s companies at the forefront of STEM innovation depend on the availability of a diverse cross-section of talented graduates from the country’s most rigorous and elite institutions.

Companies signing the briefs in support of race-conscious admissions include:


Adobe Inc.

Aeris Communications, Inc.

Air Products & Chemicals, Inc.

Airbnb, Inc.

Alaska Airlines, Inc.

American Airlines, Inc.

American Express Company

American International Group, Inc.

Amgen Inc.

Apple Inc.

Applied Materials, Inc.

Ariel Investments, LLC

Bath & Company


Biogene Inc.

Bristol Myers Squibb

Chamber of progress

Cigna Corporation

Cisco Systems, Inc.

Corning Incorporated

Corteva Agriscience

Cruise LLC

Cummins, Inc.

Dell Technologies, Inc.

Dupont de Nemours, Inc.

Eaton Company

Motor promotion

Etsy, Inc.

General Dynamics Society

General electricity company

General Motors Company

Gilead Sciences, Inc.

GlaxoSmithKline LLC

Google LLC

HP Inc.

International Business Machines Corp.

IKEA Retail United States

Illinois Tool Works Inc.

intel company

Jazz Pharmaceuticals PLC

Jet Blue Airways

Johnson & Johnson

Kaiser Foundation Health Plan, Inc.

KPMG srl

Leidos Holdings, Inc.

Levi Strauss & Co.

LinkedIn Corp.

Logitech Inc.

Lyft, Inc.

Mastercard Inc.

Match Group, LLC

Mattel, Inc.

Merck & Co., Inc.

Meta Platforms, Inc.

Micron Technology, Inc.

Microsoft Corp.

Northrop Grumman Company

World Paramount

PayPal Inc.

Pinterest, Inc.

Procter & Gamble Company

RealNetworks, Inc.

RedHat, Inc.

Ripple Labs Inc.

Salesforce, Inc.

Shell USA, Inc.

Silicon Valley Leadership Group

Starbucks Corporation

Steelcase Inc.

The Hershey Company

The Kraft Heinz Company

The Prudential Insurance Company of America

Twillio Inc.

Uber Technologies, Inc.

United Airlines Inc.

Verily Life Sciences LLC

Verizon Services Corp.

ViiV Healthcare Company

VMware Inc.

Walgreens Boots Alliance, Inc.

Zazzle Inc.

In November 2020, the First Circuit Court of Appeals upheld in a 104-page decision a trial court’s judgment that Harvard’s holistic, racially-conscious admissions program is legal and authorized. The companies submitting the amicus briefs are asking the Supreme Court to uphold this decision in accordance with long-standing precedent.


Founded in 1940, the Legal Defense Fund (LDF) is the nation’s premier civil rights organization. LDF’s Thurgood Marshall Institute is a multidisciplinary, collaborative center within LDF that launches targeted campaigns and undertakes innovative research to shape the civil rights narrative. In media attributions, please refer to us as the Legal Defense Fund or LDF. Please note that LDF has been completely separate from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) since 1957, although LDF was originally founded by the NAACP and shares its commitment to gender equality. rights.

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